How to Take Care of Plants at Home

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Indoor plants are an excellent ally to give life and a more natural atmosphere in our homes. Its presence helps us not only to give a nice aesthetic touch but also to maintain a healthier environment, whether it is for indoor plants with flowers or for others without flowers, such as ferns.

Keeping houseplants healthy is easier than many think and you just have to follow a few basic guidelines so that they continue to accompany us in their best form. If you want to learn how to get durable houseplants, we tell you how to take care of plants at home, offering you several tips and tricks as a practical guide.

How to take care of plants at home?

Each species of houseplant has its specific needs and care, but all plants share basic needs: watering, light, temperature and substrate. The first three are always very specific to each plant species, while the substrate may be more of a somewhat more general aspect, but with a few exceptions.

By attending to irrigation of the appropriate frequency, the necessary contribution of light, a climate according to the one the plant needs and a good substrate, your indoor plants will always show enviable health. Therefore, we recommend you take into account these aspects to take into account when caring for indoor plants:

  • Watering plants in pots and with a plate.
  • Light and location for indoor plants; always away from radiators and air conditioners.
  • Potted substrates are suitable to the species and its size.

how to take care of plants at home

Water houseplants

This is the most important point in the care of the vast majority of plants, no matter if they are indoor or outdoor plants. Most plants appreciate frequent and sparse watering that maintains a certain level of humidity in the substrate, always without watering or watering the plant. However, you need to check the specific water needs of the plant species before you have to water it.

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Some plants, such as succulents or succulents, or other species adapted to dry climates, are highly resistant to drought and will tolerate spaced watering. In fact, they tend to be vulnerable to excess moisture, which can lead to a fungal attack or root rot. These types of plants usually need irrigation when the upper layer of the substrate is completely dry and not before.

They need a constant level of humidity. These plants may need to be watered even more than once a day, and even require water to be sprayed on their leaves to cool and give them moisture.

When watering, the ideal is to use rainwater or weak mineralization, although many plants tolerate tap water without problems. If you use it, you have to let it rest overnight so that its minerals settle to the bottom so that the excess minerals do not fall into the soil of the plant.

In addition, always water with a watering can with fine holes and trying to wet the substrate and not the plant itself. By following these tips for watering houseplants, you will save yourself a lot of fungus and rot problems. This is especially important when learning how to care for flowering houseplants, which you should always avoid getting wet.

Light and location for indoor plants

All plants need light to carry out photosynthesis, although the degree of incidence of this they require is highly variable. In general, a houseplant will not need too many hours of direct sunlight.

Still, placing houseplants near a window or balcony is always a recommended option for them. Just in case, find out the specific light requirements of your plant species to see which ones will be well in half shade and which ones need more light.

Something similar happens with the location and the weather. Even when we talk about the interior of the home, the local climate influences the temperature. Some plants need certain temperatures to develop properly, and some do not tolerate drafts, while others need them. For all this, it is vital that when acquiring a plant you inform yourself well about the needs of the species and ask all your doubts to the professional who attends you.

Substrate and pot for houseplants

Most plants need a light substrate and enriched with organic matter, which also offers good drainage. We recommend a universal mix with one part of peat, one part of earthworm humus and one part of coconut fibre, to which we will add vermiculite and perlite, on a gravel or pebble base at the bottom of the pot. It is a universal mix that works on most plants, although some, such as succulent plants, may require more specific substrates. Also, keep in mind that, as humus is very nutritious, you will only have to add fertilizer or organic matter in the warm months according to the needs of each plant.

In the care of potted plants, it is also very important that the pot has drainage holes, which help us avoid waterlogging. If you put a plate underneath, always empty it ten minutes after watering. Also, most plants will appreciate an annual or biennial transplant to a larger pot.

Care for houseplants

In winter many plants need to go into vegetative rest to be able to rest and return to growth and flowering activity in the warm months. Normally, it is necessary to avoid putting them near heaters, radiators or air conditioners and to reduce considerably the irrigation and the contribution of fertilizer. In this way, you will allow your houseplants to enter the state of vegetative rest that they need. However, make sure that the plant species you have needs it before you start reducing these aspects of your care.

In summer, unlike in the cold months, the needs of indoor plants for water and nutrients multiply. Make sure that its leaves do not turn yellow due to dryness or excess sun, and add organic matter or fertilizer to the substrate or to the irrigation.

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